The temporary protection and economic participation of Ukrainian forced migrant women: lessons from Italy and Poland
Join our seminar to get to know more about legal and institutional solutions of entering the labour market by forced migrant women in Poland and Italy.
The humanitarian crisis caused by the military invasion of Russia on Ukraine on the 24th of February 2022 is characterised by a feminised forced-migration nexus, with around 6 million Ukrainian nationals in Europe of which nearly 4,3 million under the temporary protection scheme in the EU, the majority being women and girls.
During this seminar research results from the project Accessing migration infrastructure and employment strategies in a time of crisis: Ukraine female war refugees and migrants in Poland and Italy will be presented. The study adopted an institutional analytical framework, based on the notion of migration infrastructure (Xiang and Lindquist 2014). The project addressed through a comparison of Poland and Italy the following issues: (1) the impact of new legal regulations on forced migrants from Ukraine, who are covered by the EU Temporary Protection Directive and national variations, (2) the impact of the dynamic inflow and large scale of forced migrants on existing migration infrastructure, and (3) the challenge to enter the labour market for forced migrants from Ukraine, who are women with dependent children and/or their elderly parents and who in the country of reception have care-responsibilities, face a range of psychological burden due to the character of their migration and experience particular skills-mismatch. The study focused on two sectors – domestic work and agriculture – both of great importance when it comes to the presence of migrant workers in Poland and in Italy. Agriculture in Poland and Italy remains an important sector attracting migrants, where different categories of foreigners find employment without structural obstacles and guarantees of basic labour rights (Fialkowska & Matuszczyk 2021; Corrado & Palumbo 2022). Domestic work is for migrant women one of the main entry points when it comes to entering the labour market in Poland (Górny et al. 2018) and the main employment sector for migrant women in Italy (Marchetti 2013).
Marta Kindler (University of Warsaw).