Training: International Migration Determinants, Effects, & Governance
Libya, 18-19 November 2020
This training course covers fundamental theories, concepts, institutional and legal frameworks related to international immigration. The training sessions will cover different types of migration (forced and voluntary) addressing five core issues of international immigration and its regulation: 1) migration dynamics and governance frameworks; 2) migration data; 3) human rights and legal norms in the domain of international migration and refugee protection; 4) socio-economic effects of immigration; and 5) public attitudes to immigration and ethno-cultural diversity.
The training includes input session by academic experts, and peer learning through group work, discussions, and exchange among participants. Translation from English into Arabic will be provided.
Wednesday, 18th November
Migration and its Governance
Prof. Andrew Geddes
This session will identify the main aspects of an effective migration governance architecture and discuss contemporary challenges and developments in migration governance and international cooperation on immigration. Participants will be introduced to major global, multilateral, regional and bilateral governance frameworks. A particular focus will be put on measures and aims by the European Union & its member states and their impact on migration governance in Libya and Tunisia.
Attitudes to Migration
Dr. Lenka Drazanova
This session aims at deepening insights into drivers of public opinion to immigration. The session will enable policymakers to have a sound knowledge of what attitudes to immigration are and where they come from and thus enable them to develop adequate policy responses. The session also engaged with questions such as which available sources about attitudes are useful to consult and how to interpret the data. How can we draw conclusions about causality as regards different factors that are relevant when it comes to attitudes towards immigration? What are the best (statistical) methods to use to answer different questions? The session will also provide participants with the opportunity to reflect on challenges relating to public opinion that are specific for the countries’ and contexts participants work in.
Material on Migration and its Governance:
- Migration And Migrants: A Global Overview
- Recent Developments In The Global Governance Of Migration
- Migration Flows in the Mediterranean
- 2015 Situation Report on International Migration
Powerpoint Presentation by Andrew Geddes
Material on Public Attitudes:
- Slides for exercises
- Impact of Public Attitudes to migration on the political environment in the Euro-Mediterranean Region
- Public Attitudes Toward Immigration
- Les Français Et Leurs Perceptions De L’immigration, Des Réfugiés Et De L’identité
- Public attitudes on migration: rethinking how people perceive migration
Thursday, 19th November
Migration Data & Policy Making
Dr. Friedrich Pöschel
Reliable data on migration is fundamental for evidence-based migration governance. The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular migration (GCM) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) both emphasize the need for better migration data. This session will address the role that migration data can play in policy-making. It begins by visualizing the different processes that generate migration data, based on the various flows between countries and (re-)integration processes in these countries. The session then discusses a range of uses for migration data: monitoring, identifying problems, making the case for a specific policy, designing targeted policies, and evaluating the success of policies. The available data sources on migration are broadly presented in four main groups: administrative data, large surveys, specialized surveys on migration, and digital data. The selection of examples for each group intends to be relevant for the participants’ professional context. Finally, the session proposes some practical guidelines for presenting migration data to policy-makers, highlighting the need to think from the policy-makers’ perspective. The session therefore intends to give participants an overview of available migration data and their potential use for policy-making.
Socio-economic Impacts & Opportunities of Migration/Migrant Integration
Dr. Mauro Lanati
This session will explore how migration and development affect each other. Does economic development lead to more or less migration? What are the effects of emigration on economic development in the countries of origin? The session aims to provide sound insights into the link between development and migration, given that development issues play a more and more important role in cooperation between receiving, sending and transit states. Today, development is often viewed as a mean to deter migration. This session will interrogate this idea based on research about the multi-faceted impact of migration on economic development, as well as the impact of economic development on people’s ability and willingness to migrate. It will look at data concerning the role of financial remittances, and discuss the contribution of skills and knowledge fostering innovation and economic growth by people returning or potentially willing to return to their country of origin (social remittances). Eventually this session also focuses on the political and social effects of immigration. The session intends to provide participants with a nuanced understanding of the costs and benefits of migration, its economic, political and social effects.
Human Rights, Refugee Protection & Smuggling
Dr. Leila Hadj Abdou
This session will discuss frameworks and challenges related to international migration management policies, paying particular attention to their relationship with international and regional human rights standards and international refugee law. A special focus in this session will be put on refugee protection in light of new developments such as the UN Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) and the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM). The session will look at European Union policy responses and processes of containment and mobility of asylum seekers and immigration in relation to North African countries, and the international protection challenges that they raise for governments and international organizations in the regions. It aims at providing a better understanding of the relationship between regional asylum governance approaches as regards their effectiveness, fairness and consistency with human rights and refugee law standards as well as the Global Compacts. The session will also touch upon the concepts of people smuggling and human trafficking, and the international conventions and instruments addressing these phenomena.
Material on Migration Data & Policy making:
- IOM Data Bulletin – Big Data and Migration – How data innovation can serve migration policymaking
- Inferring Migrations: Traditional Methods and New Approaches based on Mobile Phone, Social Media, and other Big Data
- Migration Data Brief (English version)
- Migration Data Brief (French version)
Powerpoint Presentation by Friedrich Pöschel
Material on Socio-economic Impacts & Opportunities of Migration/Immigrant Integration
- Paradoxes of Migration and Development
- Local Integration Of Migrants
- How human mobility can help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals
- Migrant integration
Powerpoint Presentation by Mauro Lanati
Material on Human Rights, Refugee Protection & Smuggling:
- Beyond Militias and Tribes: The Facilitation of Migration in Libya
- The Eu’s Role In Implementing The Un Global Compact On Refugees
- Search and rescue, disembarkation and relocation arrangements in the Mediterranean
Mauro Lanati is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in the MEDAM Project at the Migration Policy Centre (RSCAS,EUI) and a former Max Weber Fellow at the Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (EUI). He is an economist whose areas of interest cover theoretical and empirical aspects of Development Economics, International Trade and Migration. Mauro’s current research explores the links between foreign aid, cultural linkages and migration decisions. His research appears in international academic journals such as World Development, Economics of Education Review and The World Economy. Lanati earned a PhD in Economics “Doctor Europaeus” at the University of Pisa with a thesis on the link between International Trade and Migration, whose first chapter was written while he was a visiting scholar at the University of British Columbia. His job market paper – which investigates the link between skill of migrants and quality of trade – was published in The World Economy. Mauro has participated in several research projects on development finance and migration studies for many international institutions, such as FERDI in Clermont-Ferrand (France) and IEMED in Barcelona (Spain). Some of these collaborations culminated in recent publications in volumes, such as ‘Financing development in risky contexts’ in Financing sustainable development by addressing vulnerabilities (2015) edited by Boussichas, M., and Guillaumont, P. and published by FERDI in collaboration with the EUI and EIDIH.
Lenka Dražanová is a Research Associate to the Observatory of Public Attitudes to Migration (OPAM) project. Lenka received her PhD (Summa Cum Laude) in political science from the Berlin Graduate School of Social Sciences at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin in 2016. She holds additional degrees in political science from Central European University (Hungary) and Charles University (Czech Republic). She was also awarded a Humboldt Postdoc Scholarship at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin under the German Excellence Initiative. Lenka´s primary research agenda has two specific areas that revolve around the question whether we can really identify a current shift towards less tolerant, populist and nationalist societies and politics (especially in Europe), and if so, how we can explain the underlying causes. Firstly, she examines the development of populism, nationalism and xenophobia and the challenges they provide to (liberal) democracy. Secondly, she focuses on comparative political behaviour and political/social attitudes and their interdependence with policy, institutions, political actors and cultures. Her recent book “Education and Tolerance” analyzes quantitatively cross-national variations in the effect of education on social and political tolerance based on a large-scale survey. It argues that education contributes to more tolerant views only in countries with certain political, socio-economic and cultural background and identifies individual-level and country-level factors that may influence the relationship between education and tolerance.
Andrew Geddes is a Professor of Migration Studies and the Director of the Migration Policy Centre. During his career, he has led and participated in a number of major projects on aspects of international migration working with a wide range of academic and non-academic partners. For the period 2014-19 he was awarded an Advanced Investigator Grant by the European Research Council for a project on the drivers of global migration governance (the MIGPROSP project see www.migrationgovernance.org for further details). The MIGPROSP project analysed how ‘actors’ of various types in migration governance systems such as political leaders, officials, international organisations and civil society organisations make sense of the issues and challenges that they face and how these understandings then shape their actions. He has published extensively on global migration, with a particular focus on policy-making and the politics of migration and on regional cooperation and integration. Recent publications include The Politics of Migration and Immigration in Europe (London: Sage, co-authored with Peter Scholten); The Dynamics of Regional Migration Governance (edited with Marcia Vera Espinoza, Leila Hadj-Abdou and Leiza Brumat) and A Rising Tide? The Salience of Immigration and the Rise of Anti-Immigration Political Parties in Western Europe (Political Quarterly, with James Dennison).
Prior to joining EUI he was a Professor of Politics at the University of Sheffield, UK where he served as Head of Department between 2008 and 2011.
Leila Hadj Abdou (Ph.D.) is based at the European University Institute & the University of Vienna. At the University of Vienna, she is lecturer (‘Universitätsassistentin’) in Austrian politics & EU.
At the EUI she is part time Research Fellow, responsible for the design and the delivering of training on international migration provided by the Migration Policy Centre (MPC) within the School of Transnational Governance (STG). Her last MPC/STG training was on ‘Migration Communication Strategies: Effective Approaches to Depolarize the Debate’, the first hybrid (online and in person) training held at the STG.
Before that she worked on a European Research Council (ERC) project based at the MPC, exploring understandings of and approaches to international migration by key governance actors in four world regions (Europe, North America, South America, and Asia Pacific).
Previously to her current positions she worked as a Research Fellow at the University of Sheffield (UK), and the School for Advanced International Studies in Washington D.C. (U.S.).
She is specialized in migration governance & politics, and the populist radical right. Her latest publications include: ‘Push or Pull’? Framing Immigration in times of Crisis in the European Union & the United States. Journal of European Integration 2020, Migration & Mobility in the European Union, Macmillan 2020 (w. A. Geddes, L. Brumat).
Friedrich Poeschel is a Research Fellow at the Migration Policy Centre of the European University Institute. He works on the MigResHub, exploring the role of migrant workers and labour migration policies for the resilience of essential services during the Covid-19 pandemic.
In six years as an economist at the OECD, Friedrich has worked on family migration, labour mobility, migration management, emigration and diasporas. His publications include four chapters in the OECD’s flagship publication on migration (the International Migration Outlook) and several books with a country-specific focus (on Germany, the Netherlands, Morocco and Latvia). This work was regularly covered in the media and generated interest among policy makers. Prior to the OECD, Friedrich worked at the intersection of politics and policy implementation, as an advisor to the board of Germany’s public employment service.
With a thesis on communication in labour markets, Friedrich earned a doctorate in economics from the University of Oxford. He also holds a Bachelor degree with First Class Honours from the London School of Economics and an M.Phil. in economics from the University of Oxford. His first research positions were at Tor Vergata University, the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), and as Robert Solow Postdoctoral Fellow at the Ecole Polytechnique.