Many different factors have been linked to attitudes to immigration. In this context, it has become difficult to see the wood for the trees. The Scientific Hub of the Observatory of Public Attitudes to Migration (OPAM) is the first online tool that allows users to explore the effect of more than 120 ‘Indicators’ on attitudes to immigration. These indicators are classified under 27 general descriptions such as socio-demographics, individual attitudes and country characteristics.
The Hub draws from all, (27 in total), relevant articles published in the top 20 political science journals, (according to Clarivate Analytics and Google Scholar metrics), between 2009 – 2019 studying general attitudes to immigration and shows:
1) what indicators are most frequently used in quantitative studies to explain individual attitudes to immigration;
2) what individual and contextual indicators are consistently found to influence individual attitudes to immigration within the political science literature.
The aim of the Hub is to show whether these indicators succeed in explaining general anti-immigration attitudes. For instance, among socio-demographics, the evidence shows that ‘education’ and ‘place of residence’ are very successful in predicting anti-immigration attitudes, whereas ‘gender’ does not seem to play such a prominent role.
The Hub is a useful tool for academics and practitioners working on public attitudes to immigration. All results are easily downloaded in several formats. The Hub will develop further to include other disciplines to provide a comprehensive overview of scientific work on attitudes to immigration.