Over 5.5 million people have fled Ukraine since Russia’s invasion on 24 February. Amid the fastest and largest displacement in Europe since World War II, the EU has mostly been united in its support of Ukrainians – as evidenced by the first-ever activation of the two-decade-old Temporary Protection Directive. Triggered just over one week into the war, this Directive, and the visa-free regime, allow Ukrainians to choose in which Member State they would like to settle, enabling them to join up with their networks, make use of their language skills, or follow job opportunities.
But the groundswell of solidarity reaches beyond the EU+: Several countries farther afield have made new or existing migration channels available.
Who is doing what?
Argentina has authorised the entry and stay of Ukrainian nationals and their immediate family without immigration fees. The same provision grants temporary protection status for up to 3 years, after which beneficiaries can apply for permanent residence. The country has also discussed with UNHCR the possibility of resettlement and other channels.
Ukrainian citizens wishing to enter Australia can apply for one of several visas. After obtaining a visa for temporary humanitarian stay, Ukrainians can apply for a Temporary Humanitarian Concern visa. This three-year visa allows work and study in Australia and access to Medicare, free English classes, and other services. Visa holders can request support services from the Humanitarian Settlement Program. As of 6 April, over 1,700 Ukrainian nationals have arrived.
Brazil is granting humanitarian visas to Ukrainians. Following an initial stay of 180 days, visa holders are entitled to temporary residency for 2 years, after which they can apply for a permanent visa. Ukrainians travelling to Brazil without a visa can apply for a residence permit in country. In March, 74 visas and 27 humanitarian residence permits were granted.
This is a part of a blog post by Caitlin Katsiaficas.